Friday, April 6, 2018

Resources for community/ disaster and traumatic events

The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) supports preparedness efforts by states, territories, and local entities to deliver an effective mental health and substance use (behavioral health) response to disasters. SAMHSA helps states and communities with disaster behavioral health preparedness and response issues directly and also through the SAMHSA Disaster Technical Assistance Center (DTAC). For more information about these services, please visit http://www.samhsa.gov/dtac. You can also contact SAMHSA DTAC by emailing DTAC@samhsa.hhs.gov or calling the toll-free hotline at 1-800-308-3515.

The attached list of materials includes those focused on general behavioral health needs for a school shooting for students, teachers, parents and those affected by such a tragedy.
General Disaster Response and Recovery Information
·         Tips for Survivors of a Disaster or Other Traumatic Event: Managing Stress—This SAMHSA tip sheet gives stress prevention and management tips for dealing with the effects of trauma, mass violence, or terrorism. It lists tips to relieve stress, describes how to know when to seek professional help, and provides accompanying resources.
https://store.samhsa.gov/product/Tips-for-Survivors-of-a-Disaster-or-Other-Traumatic-Event-Managing-Stress/SMA13-4776

This tip sheet is also available in Spanish at https://store.samhsa.gov/product/Tips-for-Survivors-of-a-Disaster-or-Other-Traumatic-Event-Managing-Stress-Spanish-Version-/SMA13-4776SPANISH.
·         Effects of Traumatic Stress After Mass Violence, Terror, or Disaster—This online article from the National Center for PTSD describes the emotional, cognitive, physical, and interpersonal reactions that disaster survivors may experience and discusses severe stress symptoms and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The article also presents information on risk and protective factors in disaster survivors.
https://www.ptsd.va.gov/professional/trauma/disaster-terrorism/stress-mv-t-dhtml.asp  
·         Psychological First Aid Field Operations Guide, 2nd Edition—Developed jointly by the National Center for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and the National Child Traumatic Stress Network (NCTSN), Psychological First Aid is an evidence-informed modular approach for assisting people in the immediate aftermath of disaster and terrorism. It is designed to reduce initial distress and to foster short- and long-term adaptive functioning. At the NCTSN’s website, the Psychological First Aid Field Operations Guide is available in Spanish, Japanese, and Chinese as well as English. You can also access Psychological First Aid online, a free 6-hour course providing an introduction to PFA.https://www.ptsd.va.gov/professional/materials/manuals/psych-first-aid.asp and http://www.nctsn.org/content/psychological-first-aid
Mass Violence and Trauma-specific Information
·         Coping With Grief After Community ViolenceThis SAMHSA tip sheet introduces some of the signs of grief and anger after an incident of community violence, provides useful information about to how to cope with grief, and offers tips for helping children deal with grief.https://store.samhsa.gov/product/Coping-With-Grief-After-Community-Violence/SMA14-4888
·         Mass Violence/Community Violence Disaster Behavioral Health Information Series (DBHIS) Installment—This SAMHSA Disaster Technical Assistance Center (DTAC) DBHIS installment is a collection of resources about common reactions to incidents of mass violence, community violence, and terrorism; tips for coping with such incidents; ways to support children and youth in coping; signs of the need for professional behavioral health assistance; and tips for enhancing resilience. https://www.samhsa.gov/dbhis-collections/mass-violence?term=Mass%20Violence%202017-DBHIS
·         Incidents of Mass Violence—The SAMHSA Disaster Distress Helpline supports survivors, family members, responders, and recovery workers who are affected by incidents of mass violence and other disasters. Information on this webpage includes a list of signs of emotional distress related to incidents of mass violence, details of lockdown notices and other warnings, and additional resources for coping.
http://www.samhsa.gov/find-help/disaster-distress-helpline/disaster-types/mass-violence
Resources for Children, Youth, Parents and Other Caregivers, and Schools
·         Tips for Talking With and Helping Children and Youth Cope After a Disaster or Traumatic Event: A Guide for Parents, Caregivers, and Teachers—This fact sheet can help parents, caregivers, and teachers recognize and address problems in children and teens affected by a disaster. Readers can learn about signs of stress reactions that are common in young survivors at different ages, as well as how to help children through grief.
http://store.samhsa.gov/product/Tips-for-Talking-With-and-Helping-Children-and-Youth-Cope-After-a-Disaster-or-Traumatic-Event-A-Guide-for-Parents-Caregivers-and-Teachers/SMA12-4732

This tip sheet is also available in Spanish at 
https://store.samhsa.gov/product/Sugerencias-para-hablar-con-ni-os-y-j-venes-y-ayudarlos-a-hacer-frente-despu-s-de-un-des-stre-o-un-evento-traum-tico-una-gu-a-para-padres-cuidadores-y-maestros/SMA12-4732SPANISH.
·         Parent Guidelines for Helping Youth after the Recent ShootingIn this 3-page tip sheet, the National Child Traumatic Stress Network describes how a shooting may affect children and teens as well as parents and other caregivers. The tip sheet lists reactions common among people of all ages, offers coping tips for caregivers, and suggests ways for caregivers to support children and youth in coping with their reactions to a shooting. This resource is available in Spanish as well as English.  http://www.nctsn.org/products/parent-guidelines-helping-youth-after-recent-shooting
·         Psychological Impact of the Recent Shooting—This document from the National Child Traumatic Stress Network lists different psychological reactions to a shooting and its related consequences (such as decreases in school performance and sleep disturbances). http://www.nctsn.org/sites/default/files/assets/pdfs/psychological_information_sheet_two_pager.pdf
·         Restoring a Sense of Safety in the Aftermath of a Shooting: Tips for Parents and Professionals—This fact sheet from the Center for the Study of Traumatic Stress provides tips for professionals to help them communicate effectively about a shooting, ensure physical safety and security, and provide answers to some common questions.
http://www.nctsn.org/sites/default/files/assets/pdfs/csts_sense_of_safety.pdf
 
National Child Traumatic Stress Network Resources (NCTSN)
The NCTSN has multiple resources to support children, youth, families and community response efforts.  Please click hyperlinks below:

A traumatic event is unexpected and often brings out strong emotions. People can call the Disaster Distress Helpline’s toll-free number (1-800-985-5990) and receive immediate counseling. This free, confidential, and multilingual crisis support service is also available via SMS (text TalkWithUs to 66746) to anyone experiencing psychological distress as a result of this event. People who call and text are connected to trained and caring professionals from crisis counseling centers in the network. The Helpline staff provides confidential counseling, referrals, and other needed support services. 
The SAMHSA Disaster App allows disaster behavioral health responders to navigate resources related to pre-deployment preparation, on-the-ground assistance, and post-deployment resources.  Users can also share resources from the app via text message or email and quickly identify local behavioral health services.  http://store.samhsa.gov/apps/disaster

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